What is Paranoia?

Paranoia: this word is a Greek word. It is divided into two words Para meaning Beyond and Noia is derived from Noos meaning Mind. Therefore, it translated as (out of the right mind).

Paranoid beliefs are described as illusions and fancies.

Paranoia is a feeling of threat or abuse in some way. Such as people acting against you, or you believe there is someone who wants to kill you and you are at risk with no clue.

All people have a bad experience with paranoia but in different ways and situations.


Symptoms of Paranoia:

Paranoid symptoms may range from mild to severe, they depend on the cause, here are some examples:


  • Isolation
  • Believe in “Conspiracy theories”
  • Extra sensitive and easily offended
  • Trust no one
  • Unable to take any kind of criticism
  • Aggressive, and argumentative
  • Not being able to compromise
  • Be overly suspicious – for example, think that other people are always lying or cheating them
  • Introverts because they find relationships difficult
  • Constantly feeling victimized or persecuted
  • Constantly feeling misunderstood and unbeloved

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What causes paranoia?


Paranoid behaviors are caused by personality disorders or other mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, and drug abuse can also cause it.


According to Healthline, The causes of paranoia are unobvious to some extent and depend on the condition, including:


  • Genetics
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Brain chemistry
  • Traumatic Life Events


How is Paranoia diagnosed?

Paranoia is a part of a psychological disorder, so it refers to a psychiatrist or a psychologist who will assess and determine the mental status. Diagnosis may include:


  • Physical examination
  • Assessment of symptoms
  • Medical history
  • Psychological tests


Other conditions that can happen in people with Paranoia are:



How is Paranoia treated?

When a person feels they are losing touch with reality, visiting a psychologist or a psychiatrist is the best way to start the treatment journey. Treatment depends on the condition and severity of symptoms and may include medication and psychotherapy. Psychotherapy aims to help people with paranoia:


  • Accept their vulnerability
  • Increase their self-esteem and self-confidence
  • Develop trust in others
  • Learn to express and handle their emotions in a positive manner


Socialization and communication

Communication is the first step of the treatment. So treatment for paranoid personality disorder usually involves psychotherapy to enhance socialization and communication skills.  


Healthy Diet and Workout

It is necessary to eat a healthy diet, regular workout, and sleep well.


Drug Abuse

Treatment is usually supportive until the drug effects disappear. After that, the physician will likely help you to begin a drug treatment program.

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