Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) : all you have to know

STIs: all you have to know about sexually transmitted infections



STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) usually spread from one person to another by sexual activity.

It is caused by bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Some Sexually Transmitted Infections are easy to treat and others require more-complicated treatment to treat them. Bacterial STIs include Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis.

STIs include genital herpes, HIV/AIDS, and genital warts. Parasitic STIs include trichomoniasis. STI diagnostic tests are usually easy and available.


Are there types of STDs?


There are more than 20 types of STDs, including:


  • Chlamydia
  • Genital herpes
  • Gonorrhea
  • HPV
  • Pubic lice
  • Syphilis
  • Trichomoniasis


What are the symptoms of STIs?


These are the symptoms of a Sexually Transmitted Infections can include:


  • pain when peeing
  • Skin rash
  • Unusual secretions from the vagina, penis, or anus
  • Itchy and redness genitals
  • lumps or skin growths around the genitals or bottom 
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • blisters around your genitals
  • warts around your genitals
  • warts in your mouth or throat
  • Abnormal vaginal odor
  • Dark urine can happen hepatitis B

STIs diagnosis:

A physician can conduct tests to discover whether you have an STD or a different condition. These include:


  • Fingerprick tests
  • Fluid samples from genitals and sores that have appeared
  • Blood tests
  • Urine samples
  • Pelvic and physical tests


Early diagnosis help you can get treatment earlier and diminish the risk of complications.


STI complications:


Untreated STIs can lead to severe health situations:


  • Cause cancer
  • Increase the risk of infertility
  • make a person more susceptible to HIV
  • lead to organ damage 
  • lead to death


Pregnants must be aware that Sexually Transmitted Infections can impact an unborn baby.

Some STIs can be passed to the baby before and during birth, potentially leading to:


  • pneumonia
  • blindness
  • deafness
  • brain damage
  • Meningitis


STIs and Cancer

According to the National Cancer Institute, most cases of HPV-related cancer in the US.


This can lead to cancer, including:

  • oral cancer
  • cervical cancer
  • vulvar cancer
  • penile cancer
  • anal cancer


If it is diagnosed early, it’s often easier to treat with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgery.


Tips for STI prevention:


  • Use condoms to lower the risk of Sexually Transmitted Infections.
  • Get tested regularly and encourage your partner either.
  • Get vaccination against hepatitis B and HPV.
  • Check your sexual history and test results and your partner regularly.

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