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Diabetes: In 2040 More Than Half A Billion Will Have Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes: In 2040 More Than Half A Billion Will be diabetic

Overview:

Diabetes is a chronic condition (Lifelong health condition) that happens when the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin. It causes High blood sugar. Insulin is responsible for regulating blood sugar. Moreover, insulin carries sugar from the blood into your cells to be used for energy. It damages the nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other body organs. And in some cases, it leads to amputation. (1. 2.3)

Summary:

It is a chronic condition that happens when the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin.

Types:

There are three main types:

1- Type 1 diabetes

 The immune system attacks and damages the cells that produce insulin.

2- Type 2 diabetes

 The human body does not secrete enough insulin. Moreover, cells do not respond to insulin. (4)

3- Gestational diabetes

 (Glucose High blood sugar) occurs during pregnancy. But, It usually after giving birth disappear. (1)

Symptoms:

There are many symptoms, which are caused by raised blood sugar, general symptoms include: 

  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss
  • Excessive hunger
  • Excessive thirst
  • Vision blurry
  • Always extreme fatigue

Symptoms in men:

Symptoms in women:

  • A vaginal yeast infection
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Itchy skin

Type 1 diabetes:

  • Extreme hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Obligatory weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Vision blurry
  • Fatigue and exhaustion
  • Rapid mood swings

Type 2 diabetes:

  • Excessive hunger
  • Excessive thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Vision blurry
  • Fatigue
  • Slow healing sores (2)

Causes:

Insulin is responsible for sugar-blood regulation. It is produced by the pancreas (Organ and gland). When the meal is digested and enters the bloodstream, insulin carries the glucose from the blood to the cells to break them to produce energy.

If you are a diabetic person, your body can not break the glucose into energy, because there is not enough insulin.

Genes may play the main role to cause diabetes. (4)

Summary:

If you are a diabetic person, your body can not break the glucose into energy, because there is not enough amount of insulin.

Risk factors:

Type 1 diabetes:

It is if a child or teenager is a diabetic, or they have genes that are linked to the condition.

Type 2 diabetes:

  • Overweight
  •  Age 45 or older
  • A parent with the disorder
  • have had gestational diabetes
  • have prediabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • High triglycerides

Gestational diabetes

Your risk for gestational diabetes increases if you:

  • Overweight
  • Over age 25
  • had gestational diabetes
  • Family history of type 2 diabetes (2)

Complications:

High blood sugar harms the organs of the body. It is a lifelong condition which means a diabetic person will live with it. (2) Complications of diabetes include:

  • Heart disease
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Neuropathy
  • Nephropathy
  • Vision loss
  • Hearing loss
  • Foot damage
  • Skin infections
  • Depression
  • Dementia

Summary:

High blood sugar harms the organs of the body. It is a lifelong condition which means a diabetic person will live with it.

Preventions:

Eat healthily

Your lifestyle plays the main role in your health. It is the first step to reducing the risk of it. So, you have to look after your choices for your meals.

Move everyday

Moving more everyday and workout will help you reduce the risk of diabetes and if you exercise per week like swimming, running, or bicycling will work well.

Lose weight

Pre-diabetes is an important phase, a healthy diet and workout will help to lose just 5% of your initial body weight. It may prevent type 2  from developing. (5)

Summary:

Your lifestyle plays the main role in your health. It is the first step to reducing the risk of it.

Living with it:

If you’re a diabetic, you have to set a diet plan to eat healthily, do regular workouts, and do regular blood tests to make sure the blood glucose stays balanced.

Worth to mention: People who are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes also need regular insulin injections for the rest of their life. (1)

Summary:

It is a chronic disease, and there is no certain treatment for it, but they use insulin injections.

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CliniDo wishes you all a life full of health and happiness!