What is ADHD?

ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a neurobehavioral condition characterized by unusual levels of hyperactivity, impulsive behaviors, and difficulty paying attention.


Adult ADHD can lead to unsafe and stable relationships, poor career or school performance for young people, low self-esteem, and other problems.


According to Psychology Today, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is most common among children, with estimates of its prevalence in children ranging from 5 to 11 percent. 


ADHD in adulthood is less common, with approximately 2 to 5 percent of adults diagnosed.


What Are The Symptoms Of ADHD?


The symptoms of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder can be classified into 2 types of behavioral situations:

  • inattentiveness
  • hyperactivity and impulsiveness


Symptoms in children and teenagers:


The main indications of inattentiveness are:


  • Having difficulty organizing tasks
  • Making careless mistakes
  • Appearing losing things
  • Short attention span 
  • Seeming to be unable to listen 
  • Frequently changing activity or task
  • Being easily distracted



These signs can cause troubles in a child’s life, for example, underachievement at school, problems with discipline, and poor social interaction.


Hyperactivity and impulsiveness


The main signs of hyperactivity and impulsiveness are:


  • excessive physical movement
  • being unable to concentrate on tasks
  • being unable to wait their turn
  • interrupting conversations
  • little or no sense of danger
  • excessive talking
  • being unable to sit still
  • acting without thinking


Symptoms in adults:


  • Carelessness
  • Lacking organizational skills
  • Difficulty keeping quiet 
  • Inability to prioritize
  • Inability to focus
  • Restlessness
  • Misplacing things
  • Extreme impatience
  • Often interrupting others
  • Mood swings and a quick temper
  • Inability to cope with stress


What are the causes of ADHD?


1- Genetic:

ADHD runs in families. In most cases, it’s thought the genes you inherit from your parents are a significant factor in developing the disorder.


Research indicates that parents of someone with ADHD are more likely to have Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.


However, the way ADHD is inherited is likely to be complicated and it is not related to one genetic problem or fault.


2- Brain Function and Structure

Studies reveal that people with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder may have an imbalance in the level of neurotransmitters in the brain, or probably that these chemicals may not work well.


3- Groups at risk

Some people are at risk of ADHD, including:

  •  someone who was born prematurely
  • A person with epilepsy
  • A person with brain damage


ADHD Diagnosis:

If you think your child may have ADHD, speak to a GP.


The GP can not clearly diagnose Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, but they can discuss your concerns.


When you see a GP, they may ask you:

  • About symptoms of your child
  • when these symptoms began
  • whether the symptoms affect your or your child’s day-to-day life
  • If there’s a family history with ADHD
  • About any other problems or symptoms of different health conditions your child may have


ADHD treatment

Treatment of ADHD includes behavioral therapies and medication.


Types of therapy include talking to a psychiatrist. They will discuss how Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder affects your child’s life and ways to help you manage it.

Another therapy type is behavioral therapy. This therapy helps your child learn how to monitor and manage their behavior.


Medicine can be very useful because they affect brain chemicals.


Request an appointment if you want to speak to a GP by CliniDo


CliniDo wishes you a life full of happiness and serenity!